What Do You Want to Know About Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease in which people have
problems regulating their blood sugar. People with diabetes have
high blood sugar because their bodies:
do not produce enough insulin
are not responsive to insulin
a combination of both
Type 2 diabetes is extremely common. The Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that over 29 million
children and adults in the United States have some form of
diabetes. That is about 9 percent of the population. The vast
majority of these people have type 2 diabetes.
How Type 2 Diabetes Affects Blood Sugar
When you eat food, the body digests the carbohydrates in into a
type of sugar called glucose. Glucose is the main source of
energy for cells. Cells rely on the hormone insulin to absorb and
use glucose as a form of energy. Insulin is produced by the
pancreas.
People usually develop type 2 diabetes because their cells have
become resistant to insulin. Then, over time, their body may stop
making sufficient insulin as well. These problems lead to blood
sugar, or glucose, building up in the blood
Types of Diabetes
There are several different types of diabetes:
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes used to be known as juvenile onset diabetes
because it is usually first diagnosed in childhood, though it can
be diagnosed later in life as well.. People with type 1 diabetes
cannot make insulin and are insulin dependent. They must use
insulin injections to control their blood sugar.
According to the CDC, only about five percent of people with
diabetes have type 1 diabetes (CDC ).
There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, and was
once known as adult onset diabetes. However, in recent years,
the rate of type 2 diagnoses in children has been growing.
Type 2 diabetes usually starts as insulin resistance . Cells stop
responding properly to insulin and sugar is unable to get from
the blood into the cells. Over time, the pancreas cannot make
enough insulin to keep blood sugars in the normal range and the
body becomes progressively less able to regulate blood sugar.
Many people with diabetes can manage their blood sugar with
diet and exercise, especially if they lose weight (if they are
overweight). If not, medications to help control blood sugar are
available.
Unlike type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is often preventable. Risk
factors for type 2 diabetes include:
obesity
sedentary lifestyle
older age
family history of diabetes
history of gestational diabetes
race or ethnicity
You can greatly reduce your risk of type 2 diabetes by keeping
your weight in its ideal range and exercising regularly. If you
have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes, talk to your doctor about
how to lower your risk for progressing to type 2 diabetes
Other Types of Diabetes
Pregnant women are at risk of gestational diabetes,
characterized by high blood sugar levels that are associated with
pregnancy. This form of diabetes usually resolves or goes away
after a woman gives birth. However, she must carefully control
her blood sugar during pregnancy to reduce the risk of possible
complications. Women with gestational diabetes have an
increased risk of type 2 diabetes later in life.
Certain diseases and genetic conditions can also cause other
types of diabetes. However, these types of diabetes are rare.
Long-Term Outlook for People with Type 2
Diabetes
Uncontrolled diabetes significantly increases your risk of long-
term health problems and even death. According to the CDC, the
death rate for people with type 2 diabetes is twice as high as that
of people the same age people without diabetes. In addition,
diabetes increases your risk of conditions such as:
heart disease
stroke
high blood pressure
eye disease, including blindness
kidney disease
nervous system damage
amputations
dental problems
Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness, kidney failure (CDC )
and amputations among adults.
Fortunately, most of the complications of type 2 diabetes are
preventable. Keeping your blood sugar under control can prevent
serious complications. This requires a lifelong commitment to
staying healthy, including:
eating well
maintaining a healthy weight
exercising
taking medications, as prescribed by your doctor
In addition, regular preventative care visits can help keep minor
complications from becoming more serious ones. For example:
Your eye doctor can catch problems early before they lead
to blindness.
Early kidney treatment can help maintain kidney function.
Regular foot checks can reduce the risk of damage
extensive enough to require amputation.
Don’t let diabetes control your life. Control your blood sugar
instead, and take charge of your health.
Source: Healthline.com
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