Android App Icon Design Guidelines for Absolute Beginners
The app icon or better known it as launcher icon in Android platform, is a small piece of graphic that represent your app on user’s Home Screen or All Apps Screen. Due to multiple screen densities on Android devices, you should always make sure your launcher icon can be displayed properly on the installed devices by providing multiple version of icon for low, medium, high and extra-high screen. Besides that, you also have to prepare a high resolution of launcher icon for your app that will be appeared on Google Play (formerly known as Android Market) for use in app listing.
Ok, let’s start to check out what is the things that we should take care when designing app launcher icon.
Uniqueness & Brand IdentityYou should design your launcher icon to be appeared unique, outstanding than others icons and hold the identity of the brand. You launcher icon should be made up by your brand’s colors, styles, graphics and the icon itself should have enough impact and memorable for users. One thing you should keep in minds that, NEVER put any sentences or your application name into the icon itself! This is because, launcher icon is in small sizes so it should be distinguishable at small sizes. You can compare the following images, see which one is more distinguish and memorable.
High Quality of IconStudy has shown that, a high quality launcher icon can influence users to find out more as they scroll through lists of applications. You should always design your icon in vector format for future scalable purpose. Your final outcome of an icon should be in PNG 32-bit with alpha channel for transparency. Google’s Android devices has multiple screen densities, following is the table that shows you the size of an icon that workable on low, medium, high and extra-high density of screens.
|Screen Density||ldpi (120 dpi)
(Low density screen)
|mdpi (160 dpi)
(Medium density screen)
|hdpi (240 dpi)
(High density screen)
|xhdpi (320 dpi)
(Extra-high density screen)
|Icon Size||36 x 36px||48 x 48px||72 x 72px||96 x 96px|